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Nathaniel Hawthorne

  • Nathaniel Hathorne
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Hawthorne, Nathaniel
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Type
Person
Gender
Male
Date of birth
1804-07-04
Place of birth
Salem
Date of death
1864-05-19
Place of death
Plymouth

Wikipedia

Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was an American novelist and short story writer. His works often focus on history, morality, and religion.

He was born in 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts, from a family long associated with that town. Hawthorne entered Bowdoin College in 1821, was elected to Phi Beta Kappa in 1824, and graduated in 1825. He published his first work in 1828, the novel Fanshawe; he later tried to suppress it, feeling that it was not equal to the standard of his later work. He published several short stories in periodicals, which he collected in 1837 as Twice-Told Tales. The following year, he became engaged to Sophia Peabody. He worked at the Boston Custom House and joined Brook Farm, a transcendentalist community, before marrying Peabody in 1842. The couple moved to The Old Manse in Concord, Massachusetts, later moving to Salem, the Berkshires, then to The Wayside in Concord. The Scarlet Letter was published in 1850, followed by a succession of other novels. A political appointment as consul took Hawthorne and family to Europe before their return to Concord in 1860. Hawthorne died on May 19, 1864.

Much of Hawthorne's writing centers on New England, many works featuring moral metaphors with an anti-Puritan inspiration. His fiction works are considered part of the Romantic movement and, more specifically, dark romanticism. His themes often center on the inherent evil and sin of humanity, and his works often have moral messages and deep psychological complexity. His published works include novels, short stories, and a biography of his college friend Franklin Pierce, written for his 1852 campaign for President of the United States, which Pierce won, becoming the 14th president.

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Annotation

American novelist, dark romantic, and short story writer.

Last modified: 2020-10-21 (revision #35446)

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Identifiers

Goodreads Author ID
7799
ISNI
0000 0001 2130 4861
LibraryThing Author
hawthornenathaniel
MusicBrainz Artist ID
72814fde-3d14-4b85-90ea-0e9d970fac02
OpenLibrary Author ID
OL26681A
VIAF
44435463
Wikidata ID
Q69339

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Last Modified
2024-01-06